Gabardine fabric utilizes a twill weave to achieve a diagonally ribbed surface that is smooth to the touch. The fabric is durable and tightly woven, and is traditionally made of worsted wool, but is also available in cotton or synthetic mixtures. Named after the “gaberdine”, a type of coat that was tied at the waist, gabardine fabric was invented by Thomas Burberry and patented in 1888.
The material has a history of usage in cold weather environments, as it has been worn by South Pole explorers and Mt. Everest climbers. The fabric can be found in suits, slacks and uniforms, and is also produced with a satin finish to lend a shiny, silken appearance. Gabardine should be hand washed or dry cleaned, and ironed with a warm iron.